What is Hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is caused by the excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid. Characteristics include:


  • Increased intracranial pressure

  • Dilation of the ventricles (the cavities of the brain)

  • Rapidly increasing head circumference

  • Downward deviation of the eyes

  • Full or bulging fontanel (the soft spot on an infant's head)

  • Prominent scalp veins


Why did this happen?

Hydrocephalus is the result of an imbalance in production and absorption of cerebrospinal fluid. It can be the result of development anomalies, infection, injury, or brain tumors.


Will this happen to children I have in the future?
The chances of having another child with hydrocephalus are very small.


What kinds of problems could my child have?

In addition to the physical characteristics common to hydrocephalus, your child may have the following problems:


  • Severe nausea and vomiting

  • Severe headaches

  • Excessive tiredness

  • Difficulty waking up or staying awake

  • Seizures

  • Sudden decline in behavior and/or school performance

  • Visual impairment

  • Irritability


Will my child need surgery?

At this time, a long flexible tube called a shunt is passed through the brain to the abdomen. This allow the excess fluid to drain away from the brain. Either enough tubing is placed to allow for a child's growth or additional length will be added two or three times during periods of rapid growth.


How do I get help for my child?

If your child's hydrocephalus occurs in connection with a craniofacial anomaly, your child should be treated by a qualified craniofacial medical team at a craniofacial center. Currently, FACES has information on many of these teams. This is by no means a comprehensive list of all the craniofacial teams. Please contact FACES for details.


Am I alone?

No! There are many families and organizations who will be glad to talk with you and help you with information and support. Don't forget books, videos, and websites. The listing below will get you started.


FACES: The National Craniofacial Association

P. O. Box 11082
Chattanooga, TN 37401
(800) 332-2373
Email: faces@faces-cranio.org
We provide financial support for non-medical expenses to patients traveling to a craniofacial center for treatment. Eligibility is based on financial and medical need. Resources include newsletters, information about craniofacial conditions, and networking opportunities.


Hydrocephalus Association

870 Market Street, Suite 705
San Francisco, CA 94102
(888) 598-3789
Website: www.hydroassoc.org
Email: info@hydroassoc.org
Excellent resource that provides fact sheets, newsletters, support groups, resource guides, physician guides, and internet discussion groups.


National Hydrocephalus Foundation

12413 Centralia Road
Lakewood, CA 90715-1653
(888) 857-3434 or (562) 924-6666
Website: www.nhfonline.org
Email:nhf@earthlink.net
Quarterly newsletters for individuals affected by hydrocephalus, their families, and professionals. They also have videos and cassettes available.


Pediatric Hydrocephalus Foundation, Inc.

10 Main Street
Suite 335
Woodbridge, NJ 07095
Website: www.hydrocephaluskids.org
Email: President Kim Illions, kim@hydrocephaluskids.org
This organization is dedicated to providing support, educational resources, and networking opportunities to patients and families.


Children with Facial Difference:

A Parent's Guide

Written by Hope Charkins, MSW. Order from Amazon.com if you cannot find it in your local bookstore. Excellent resource for parents to help them cope with medical, emotional, social, educational, legal, and financial challenges present by facial differences of their children.


National Health Law Program

1444 I St., NW, Ste. 1105
Washington, DC 20005
(202) 289-7661
Website: www.healthlaw.org
Provides extensive information on health care law affecting families with children who have special health care needs.


Additional Resources


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